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Understanding Different Prostate Cancer Treatments

There are many available prostate cancer treatments and you need to consider several factors before deciding the most suitable treatment for you. Obviously, you need to consult with your doctor first so you can get thorough diagnosis and find out about the grade and stage of your prostate cancer. Then you should consider about your age, expected life span, and personal feelings about potential risks and side effects of each available treatment. In addition, prostate cancer treatments also depend on your health history and the severity of the condition.

These factors will make the prostate cancer treatments work differently from patient to patient. Therefore, it is better if you can have a reliable second opinion about the most proper treatment for your particular condition. As mentioned previously, there are several prostate cancer treatments and getting more information on the pros and cons of each option will give you better understanding of the expected risks, side effects, and results.

Common prostate cancer treatments

Radical prostatectomy is a surgical prostate cancer treatment and the purpose is to remove the entire prostate gland and the lymph nodes nearby. In general, this treatment offers the best result as long as the entire prostate gland along with the tumor is taken out. The common risks related with this surgical procedure are impotence and lack of bladder control.

Radiation therapy is another type of common prostate cancer treatments. There are two types of radiation therapy, namely external beam and radioactive pellet. External beam is performed by using an x-ray machine and radioactive pellet is done by placing high concentration of radiation directly to the prostate tumor. The most common side effect of this radiation therapy is impotency that normally happens around two years after the patient undergoes the procedure.

Watchful waiting is another option of prostate cancer treatments and it involves a doctor that supervises the development of a slow-growing prostate tumor. This procedure is conducted without any specific drug or treatment, but only with regular medical supervision. In this case, the doctor waits the tumor to grow by checking the prostate specific antigen (PSA) level. If the doctor does not find any further growth, then no further treatment is needed. However, if it does grow, then hormone therapy is usually given.

The androgen male hormone can help to grow the prostate tumor. Therefore, a hormone therapy will reduce the level of androgen and thus making the tumor to shrink over time. All prostate cancer treatments discussed here have pros and cons. It is important for you to understand them so you can get the most suitable treatment for your particular condition. It is wise to consult with your doctor before you select any of these treatments.

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